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发表于 2012-5-31 14:38:12 |显示全部楼层
一、对比观点题型
1 要求论述两个对立的观点并给出自己的看法。
1 有一些人认为。。。
2 另一些人认为。。。
3 我的看法。。。
The topic of ------(主题)is becoming more and more popular recently. There are two sides of opinions of it. Some people say A is their favorite. They hold their view for the reason of -------------(支持A的理由一)What is more, ------------(理由二). Moreover, -------------(理由三).
      While others think that B is a better choice in the following three reasons. Firstly,--------------(支持B的理由一). Secondly (besides),----------------(理由二). Thirdly (finally),-----------------(理由三).
    From my point of view, I think ----------------(我的观点). The reason is that --------------------(原因). As a matter of fact, there are some other reasons to explain my choice. For me, the former is surely a wise choice .
2 给出一个观点,要求考生反对这一观点
Some people believe that ----------------(观点一). For example,
they think -------------(举例说明).And it will bring them -----------------(为他们带来的好处).
In my opinion, I never think this reason can be the point. For one thing,------(我不同意该看法的理由一). For another thing, ------(反对的理由之二)Form all what I have said, I agree to the thought that ----------(我对文章所讨论主题的看法)
二、阐述主题题型
要求从一句话或一个主题出发,按照提纲的要求进行论述.
.阐述名言或主题所蕴涵的意义.
.分析并举例使其更充实.
    The good old proverb ----------(名言或谚语)reminds us  that----------------(释义). Indeed, we can learn many things form it.
    First of all,-----------------(理由一). For example, ------------------(举例说明).Secondly,----------------(理由二).Another case is that ---------------(举例说明). Furthermore , ------------------(理由三)
    In my opinion, ---------(我的观点). In short, whatever you do, please remember the say------A. If you understand it and apply it to your study or work, you’ll necessarily benefit a lot from it.
三、解决方法题型
要求考生列举出解决问题的多种途径
1.问题现状
2.怎样解决(解决方案的优缺点)
  In recent days, we have to face a problem-----A, which is becoming more and more serious. First, ------------(说明A的现状).Second, ---------------(举例进一步说明现状) .Confronted with A, we should take a series of effective measures to cope with the situation. For one thing, ---------------(解决方法一). For another -------------(解决方法二). Finally, --------------(解决方法三).
    Personally, I believe that -------------(我的解决方法). Consequently, I’m confident that a bright future is awaiting us because --------------(带来的好处).
四、说明利弊题型
这种题型往往要求先说明一下现状,再对比事物本身的利弊,有时也会单从一个角度(利或弊)出发,最后往往要求考生表明自己的态度(或对事物前景提出预测)
1.说明事物现状
2.事物本身的优缺点(或一方面)
3.你对现状(或前景)的看法
    Nowadays many people prefer   A   because it has a significant role in our daily life. Generally, its advantages can be seen as follows. First --------------(A的优点之一). Besides ----------------(A的优点之二).
    But every coin has two sides. The negative aspects are also apparent. One of the important disadvantages is that ----------------(A的第一个缺点)To make matters worse,-----------------(A的第二个缺点)
    Through the above analysis, I believe that the positive aspects overweigh the negative ones. Therefore, I would like to------(我的看法)
    From the comparison between these positive and negative effects of A, we should take it reasonably and do it according to the circumstances we are in. Only by this way, ---------------(对前景的预测)
五、议论文的框架
(1)    不同观点列举型( 选择型
There is a widespread concern over the issue that作文题目       .
But it is well known that the opinion concerning this hot topic varies from person to person. A majority of people think that  观点一 . In their views there are 2 factors contributing to this attitude as follows: in the first place,   原因一. Furthermore, in the second place, 原因二     . So it goes without saying that   观点一   
    People, however, differ in their opinions on this matter. Some people hold the idea that观点二     .In their point of view, on the one hand原因一. On the other hand,原因二. Therefore, there is no doubt that观点二. 
      As far as I am concerned, I firmly support the view that观点一或二. It is not only because ________, but also because _________. The more _______, the more ________.

(2)利弊型的议论文
Nowadays, there is a widespread concern over (the issue that)作文题目. In fact, there are both advantages and disadvantages in 题目议题. Generally speaking, it is widely believed there are several positive aspects as follows. Firstly,   优点一  . And secondly优点二  .
Just as a popular saying goes, "every coin has two sides",讨论议题is no exception, and in another word, it still has negative aspects. To begin with,   缺点一   . In addition,   缺点二  .
      To sum up, we should try to bring the advantages of讨论议题   into full play, and reduce the disadvantages to the minimum at the same time. In that case, we will definitely make a better use of the 讨论议题 .
( 3 ) 答题性议论文
       Currently, there is a widespread concern over (the issue that)作文题目.It is really an important concern to every one of us. As a result, we must spare no efforts to take some measures to solve this problem.
       As we know that there are many steps which can be taken to undo this problem. First of all, 途径一  . In addition, another way contributing to success of the solving problem is途径二    .
       Above all, to solve the problem of作文题目  , we should find a number of various ways. But as far as I am concerned, I would prefer to solve the problem in this way, that is to say, 方法     .
( 4 ) 谚语警句性议论文
       It is well know to us that the proverb: "谚语"   has a profound significance and value not only in our job but also in our study. It means谚语的含义 . The saying can be illustrated through a series of examples as follows. ( also theoretically )
       A case in point is例子一  . Therefore, it is goes without saying that it is of great of importance to practice the proverb谚语  .
       With the rapid development of science and technology in China, an increasing number of people come to realize that it is also of practical use to stick to the saying:谚语   . The more we are aware of the significance of this famous saying, the more benefits we will get in our daily study and job.


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发表于 2013-9-27 22:17:03 |显示全部楼层

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