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[相关资源] 英语词汇复习同义词

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发表于 2012-6-2 22:14:55 |显示全部楼层
英语词汇复习
动词类:
1“”    look看的动作/ see看的结果; watch观察/observe为了研究进行的观察; Notice注意catch sight of看见/  stare好奇地看/ glare瞪着看
           Glance瞅见/glimpse瞥见      see a film  watch TV
2“”  telll sth to sb.=tell sb sth告诉的内容   talk with sb about sth强调说话者之间的交流   Say sth诉说的内容  speak in English说的语言 whisper sth to sb 耳语        Inform sb of sth 通知某人某事  
reason /talk/persuade sb into doing sth 说服某人做某事  Bargain讨价还价   chat聊天   repeat重复  explain解释  warn警告 remind提醒 Discuss 讨论debate辩论 figure 指出declare宣布 claim自称 mention 提起  admit 承认deny 否绝 describe描述 announce 公布 introduce 介绍complain抱怨
3“”  cry哭叫  call  shout大喊  scream尖叫  moan呻吟  sigh叹气 quarrel大吵  
4“”  ask 询问 interview 采访 express表达  question审问
5“”  answer回答  respond回应(用其他方式回应)  reply回复  
6 “” listen to听的动作  hear听的结果  pick up收听  overhear无意听到
7“”  dictate听写  write sth describe描写 drop a line 写信 draw  
take down/write down写下,记下
8“/take拿走  bring拿来  hold举着  carry扛,挑 (无方向性) fetch拿来拿去  lift Put lay /放置  pull/push
9“”   take hold of 抓着 seize紧抓  grasp 握住  scratch
10“ hit一次性的打击  beat不间断的打击  strike突然的击打/突然想到  blow吹刮  
attack攻击  
11“” throw  drop 放弃 错过 fall 倒下无意掉下来 wave 招手 shake
12“send寄送  deliver递送  give  offer 主动给予 see off给某人送行
13“/” touch /fold折叠   /embrace拥抱 / hug/hold     in one’s arms
14“/” kick/knock/ tip 轻敲
15“ walk  run  climb  jump  skip 单腿跳 slip come/go  enter进入 move搬迁 drive开车 ride fly    crawl 匍匐前进
16“”  sit down  be seated  seat oneself  take a seat/ stand,耸立/ lean斜靠
17“/休息” lie /on one’s back/ on one side/ on one’s stomach  stay in bed  have a rest      take a nap打盹  be asleep bend  turn over翻身  rest
18“” smile 微笑(不出声)  laugh  burst into laughter  burst out laughing   
19“”  cry  shed tears 留泪  weep呜咽地哭  sob抽泣  burst into tears  /burst out crying
20“/ find找到  look for正在找过程  find out查明 discover/explore 发现/探索
  hunt for  search for  seek  / seek for     in search of寻找   Search sb 搜身   search sp. for sth 为某物而搜寻某地
        Check检查,核实  examine 考察发现问题/体检 test检测,检验  inspect视察
21“穿”   put on 动作 wear穿戴 have on试穿  be dressed in 穿的状态 make-up化装
get changed换衣服  be in red    Take off   remove 去除
22“/” eat/drink  sip吮吸  have a meal have supper  toast  taste
treat sb to请某人吃    help oneself to 随便吃
23“”  get  obtain  acquire获得知识和技能  gain  possess
24“”  lose 丢了 be lost  /be missing人错过失踪,不见  gone不见(物)   great loss   die   die off相继死去   die away 逐渐消失
25“”  have     own是自己的  conquer征服  occupy占有=possess   
26“” nothing left    the remaining thing    disappear   be  missing /gone
27“/”    rise / go up /drop                  
人主动抬价  raise /bring down /reduce  increase/decrease
28“/” buy  purchase  afford  pay   pay off  pay for  sell  on sale  bargain
        Bill /   cheque /   cash/  credit card  notes/ coins  discounts
29“存在/消失”come into being  exist  appear  survive   live  show  turn up
               Disappear die   die out   pass away  be out of sight
30“变化develop  improve  become  grow   go+ bad /wrong/ sour /without negative adj. turn + colour  change /change into    reform
31“认识的过程”feel  sense  guess  suppose  wonder  doubt  know /learn realize
Understand   remember   be familiar with   recall  recite  apply  to
32“成功/失败make it  succeed  make progress  come true  realize one’s dream  win
             Lose   fail to do   failure  defeat  suffer loss beat  turn sth. Into reality
33“努力” try /manage  make efforts  attempt  do ones best  do as much as one can to do
34祝贺 congratulations on sb  celebrate  observe 庆祝 get together 聚会
35赞美/批评 praise  think highly of /   blame sb for sth/ sb is to blame   
criticize /scold sb. for sth.   have a low opinion of sb     Speak ill of
36/  like  love  be fond of  be keen on  be crazy about  adore  be into  prefer enjoy  in favor of    Dislike   hate  be  awful/disgusting    ignore  turn off
37判断  think  believe  consider  find  feel  conclude  infer  doubt
38到达 arrive at   reach   return to   get to   stay in sp   visit   leave  leave for  
on one’s way to   upon one’s arrival  on doing sth
39受伤 hurt  injured  wound  cut  kill  drown  bleed  get burnt  suffer from
suffer a loss
40损坏 damage  destroy  ruin  break down   be broken  crash
41修复  repair  rebuild  restore  fix     recover oneself
42支持/反对 agree  disagree  accept  receive   refuse  turn down
be against  elect   vote for/ against
43 做饭  cook  wash  cut  chop  boil  fry  steam  make  mix  clean  brush  cover uncover  cooker
44 建议 advise  suggest  recommend  urge  propose  demand      persuade 说服
45 花费  sth/doing sth+cost   sb+spend+ in doing sth   Sb+afford +n/to do sth  
It +take some time/ money/energy +to do sth    sb+ pay+$ for sth.  at one’s expense
46 /存钱  save /save up  set aside  put  away   spare no effort/ time  
47 参加  take part in    join /join in    attend  compete in/ for/against
48控告 accuse sb. of     charge sb. With   
49 救治 help /help out   save /rescue sb from sth.  Treat过程 / cure 结果sb. Of sth
      Aid sb in doing sth / to do sth  help sb with sth  assist sb in doing sth
50敬佩 admire  respect  show respect for/to  adore  envy /be jealousy  in honor of
51逃避   ran away   escape from   flee  hide
52 阻止/禁止 prevent / keep/ stop sb. From doing sth   forbid doing sth.  Ban  prohibit
53 对付/处理 handle / do with / deal with /tackle /overcome sth    solve  settle
54 效仿   copy  imitate  learn from  learn
54 爆发/发生 come about  happen to  take place  break out  
burst out  go off  explosion
55安装/装备     fasten  fix  set  equip   
be armed with 用什么武装  be equipped with装备有
56 追求 pursuit  ran after  seek after  chase  catch up with赶上  keep up with跟上
57 / think of 考虑/+as把什么看成 think about想起  consider  
think over仔细考虑  be concerned 担心  be  considerate  towards sb.
58 打算  plan / intend / design to do  be going to do /be about to do /will do
59 似乎/好象  seem  appear look like  as if  as though
60 开办/关闭 open  start  set up  close/close up  end  close down
名词类
1假期vacation holiday  spring break  ask for leave  be on holiday  have two days off
2旅游 trip journey  tour voyage travel tourist passenger  go camping/picnicking/hiking
3职务人员 clerk secretary passer-by friend minister manager waitress guest host hostess
           Assistant customer adult neighbor relative patient /vet staff crew nurse teacher
           Conductor   tailor sailor inventor gardener guard
4餐馆/定餐/就餐 inn  restaurant  kitchen menu  bill order tip  fork and knife  reserve /book table   Taste delicious  salad  dash  vegetables  fruit  tray napkin
5诊所/看病/服药 clinic hospital take one’s temperature  take medicine/pills have a fever/flu/headache  doctor physician  surgeon  specialist  patient
6车站/机场    airport on board miss the train/bus  catch a train  meet sb.
7身体部位  arm  head  hair  brain  waist  back  shoulder  pulse  wrist
8意志    will courage patience determination faith  effort  confidence  ambition energy
9才能/品质  talent gift ability  potential intelligent promising smart stupid careful proud
          Strict  honest  cold serious easy-going  learned  knowledgeable
10优缺点 advantage  disadvantage  strength  weakness
11目标   aim  goal  intention  purpose  belief  faith
12方式 means  method  way manner approach
13身体素质 strong weak pale sick ill  be well  keep slim/ fit  cut weight/put on weight  
14图表 photo picture graph drawing table line/bar graph  pie chart  draw a sketch 划草图
15文章 reading  translation essay poem paper novel/fiction  article magazine newspaper  journal 日志 diary日记 Files   form  make a list of
16课堂class course lecture example reason message notes words phrase scholarship degree
       Subject question trouble difficulty grades read comment  marks
17 学校活动 match  game  activity  hold a meeting /debate /speech/ ceremony
18建议/观点 advice  suggestion  idea  proposal  view recommandation
19气候/天气 climate weather storm windy cloudy rainy snow hot/cold/freezing/heat/warmth  
20交通  by train/bus /boat bike  on the train/bus /a bike  drive a car  ride a bike  
give sb. a lift/ride
21习惯 habit  custom  get used to  regular有规律的(形容词)  practice惯例(名词)
22感觉  sight  hearing  touch  smell  sense
23情感  feeling  emotion  anger   delight  sadness  sorrow
24 财富 money possessions wealth belongings fortunes treasure diamond  be rich/well-off
25 运动比赛 on the playground   on the track and filed  pitch event game  match  sports player   Coach  judge  jogging  weightlifting  play volleyball/soccer/
26衣服   clothes, cloth, clothing clothes统指各种衣服,谓语动词永远是复数, cloth指布,为不可数名词 clothing 服装的总称,指一件衣服用a piece of, an article of
27事件  incident, accident  incident指小事件, accident指不幸的事故
形容词类
1人的各种感受
happy  delighted  to one’s joy  pleased  amused
sad  unhappy  painful bitter
平静 calm  quiet  silent/still  peaceful
bother  bored  be fed up with
震惊 surprised astonished  shocked  /amazed  
  in fear  be frightened /scared /afraid
失望desperate disappointed hopeless  be depressed
满意be satisfied  with /be content to do  
生气 Annoyed  angry  disgusting  burst into rage
2 表程度的副词类
narrowly/  Nearly/ almost    hardly/ hard   extremely/ very   very/ quite
Accidently/ once in a while   occasionaly/ once    far / by far
Farther/ further   better/ worse  be well/ good  however/ therefore/so/thus
….
易考的近义词组
Run/ manage        grow/ plant     leave/remain   fit/ suit/ match  
Hit/ beat/strike      meet/ satisfy    touch /feel     play /performer
  Contain/ hold /seat/ fill   lie/sit/locate   help/work/ do
Fall/ sink/ drop       matter/ problem /trouble/    money/ account
Cause/ reason      that’s why/ that’s because   because/ since,as/ for
Last/ continue      keep/ stay/   treat/ cure/ operate   separate/ divide
Stand/ bear/tolerate/hold     turn/become/go  change/vary/range
Provide/supply/offer/ give/send   


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 发表于 2012-6-3 23:33:10
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发表于 2012-6-4 08:09:48 |显示全部楼层
谢谢老师,这很有帮助
暑假一起疯吧!
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发表于 2013-9-27 22:07:32 |显示全部楼层

支持!

顶起来,受教了,支持支持<br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br>奈惠子
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